Basketball is one of the most approachable sports globally because it does not require a lot of things for you to play it. You can play the sport as long as you have a hoop 12 feet high off the ground. But it still is better to have a court if you want to play the sport because of how it will allow you to play a full game with other people. And the good news is that basketball is still quite approachable in this aspect because basketball courts do not require a lot of space and money.
Unlike other sports that require plenty of space, basketball is relatively affordable when talking about the court. This is why neighborhoods that are not as well-off as other places still have basketball courts. However, the good news is that, even though basketball courts can be expensive, you can still build one fairly cheap. And that is what we are here to talk about.
How to Build a Basketball Court
Basketball is one of the most popular sports in the world. In most cases, people love the sport because of how fast-paced and exciting it is compared to other sports. However, some people play basketball because it is much more approachable and convenient than other sports. That is because the most important aspect of basketball is the hoop itself.
Even though you can play basketball with only a hoop, it still is better to play the sport on a real court because that will allow you to play with more people in a much more competitive environment. So, in that case, you might want to build a DIY basketball court for your personal use or the entire community. But how do you build a basketball court? We will show you a step-by-step guide on constructing a basketball court.
The most important part about building a basketball court is choosing the right location. It could be your backyard or a property you bought in your neighborhood. And if you live in a big city, you can even construct the court on a rooftop, which is quite common in some of the biggest urban areas in the world.
Regardless of where you choose to build your basketball court, it is equally important to choose the right size for the court. One of the best parts about building a basketball court is choosing between a half court or a full court. Half courts are better for smaller lot areas and 3-on-3 streetball setups. Meanwhile, full courts take up more space and are better when you want a taste of the real basketball experience.
Finally, about the location, it is best to choose a flat location because basketball is played on a flat surface. If the floor is slightly angled, the ball will bounce differently while dribbling it. That is why you should choose a location that is smooth and flat.
Choosing the size of the basketball court you are planning to build depends on the size of the location. If you have enough space, you can choose to build a FIBA regulation-sized court, which is 91.9 by 49.2 feet or 28 x 15 meters. An NBA regulation-sized court is even bigger because it measures 94 by 50 feet. However, FIBA and NBA full-sized courts are too big for most backyards. You might be able to build a full-sized court if you own a big enough property.
But for those planning to build backyard basketball courts, you can build a half-sized court that is exactly half the measurements of a FIBA or NBA regulation-sized court. If that is still too big for your backyard, you can go with a very small court around 258 square feet. Meanwhile, the bigger 3×3 courts are 49 by 36 feet.
When you already have the location and size of your basketball court decided, you may want to decide on the type of flooring you want to use for it. The most common type of flooring is concrete because it is very durable and long-lasting. Some people also claim that they perform well on concrete. Of course, concrete is the easiest and most affordable flooring you can choose.
On the other hand, you can also choose hardwood, which most indoor basketball court floors are made of. But wooden basketball courts tend to be more expensive. On top of that, it is more difficult to maintain wooden basketball courts, especially if you plan to construct an outdoor court exposed to the elements. It should be better for you to choose a concrete court. Of course, you can also use pavers or asphalt.
4. Level the ground and pour the concrete
Before you pour the concrete on the floor, you must level the ground first. That is because basketball requires that you play on a smooth and even surface. Anything other than smooth and even flooring will make your experience less than ideal. It is best to dig around 100 millimeters into the ground.
After excavating, the next thing you should do is pour the concrete on top of the excavated ground. But you have to install the hoop anchor before you pour the concrete because the anchor is important when installing the hoop itself.
5. Install the hoop
Make sure that you buy a basketball hoop set instead of constructing your own. The reason is that pre-made basketball hoop sets are already measured according to standards. On top of that, there is no longer a need for you to make the measurements yourself.
Depending on where you bought your basketball hoop, it is best to ask the help of at least three people because this may require a bit of work on your part, especially if you consider that basketball hoops can be heavy. Make sure that you know the proper location to install the hoop. Again, the location will depend on the hoop you bought, as some hoops may need to be placed in different locations.
Of course, a basketball court would not be complete without the lines that mark the different spots on the court. You may want to buy a basketball court line marking kit and use some chalk, masking tape, and measuring tapes for the job. And the most important part here is for you to study and know the regulation of basketball court dimensions to know where to paint the lines.
Here are some of the most important things to take note of here:
- The free-throw line is exactly 15 feet from the center of the hoop. Do not measure from the pole but from the center of the ring itself.
- The painted area or the lane is 12 by 19 feet.
- If you are building a full-sized court, you need to paint the center line exactly at the halfway point of the court.
Once you have all those covered, your basketball court is now ready for hoops!
How Much Does it Usually Cost to Build a Basketball Court?
Building a basketball court is not a cheap endeavor because the construction materials you will be using will cost a lot of money. However, the overall expenses will depend on the type of materials you will use and on the size of the basketball court.
If you’re planning to build a court in your backyard, the good news is that the cost to build an indoor basketball court at home is minimized because you no longer need to buy a separate lot for the court. A half court will require you to shell out somewhere between $10,000 to $30,000, depending on the materials and the size.
However, if you want to build a bigger full court in your backyard (as long as you have enough space), you might want to spend around $60,000 to $80,000. In short, a full-sized court is going to be expensive.
Meanwhile, for those who want to build a court elsewhere, you might spend north of a hundred grand because you will also spend for the lot you will be building the court on. This should not be a problem if you plan to make a business out of the court. But if you are on a budget, especially if the court is for personal or community use, you have to make sure that you have enough money for this endeavor.
5 Things to Consider When Building a Basketball Court
When building a basketball court, here are the five factors that are important to consider:
The size of the court is important because this will change the way you play on your court. Smaller courts are made for layups and shorter midrange shots, while full-sized courts are based on scrimmages and pickup games.
Choosing the right flooring is essential because you need it to stand the test of time. Concrete is usually the best choice for a backyard court. If you want the concrete floor to be easier on your knees, you might want to cover it with sports court surface tiles, which will add more expenses to your total bill but are more than worth it.
The hoop itself is the most important part of a basketball court because it will not be a basketball court without the hoop. There are plenty of ready-made hoop sets that come complete with the hoop anchors, pole, backboard, ring, and net. It is best to buy a ready-made hoop set instead of making your own to save time and effort.
4. Line markings
The line markings are just as important as all of the other factors. Without the lines, it will be difficult to tell where you are shooting the ball from and whether or not you are already out of bounds.
5. Labor costs
Finally, it is important to consider the overall labor costs of building a basketball court. You might be able to save up on labor expenses by doing all of the labor yourself, but that will only take up a lot of time, especially if you do not have the background for this job. That is why you might want to hire laborers instead. Most laborers will charge around $300 to $400 a day.
What’s the Cheapest Way to Build a Basketball Court?
As you can see, basketball courts are not cheap. Building one will cost you a lot of money, even though basketball courts are cheaper than some other sports courts. Still, the fact remains that basketball court costs are high. But the good news here is that you can minimize your costs for the cheapest way to build a basketball court.
If you want to minimize expenses, the best way is to build a half court right in your backyard. Building anything bigger than a half court will cost you a lot of money. And making the court as small as possible without sacrificing the overall experience is a good idea. A court around 16 by 20 feet should already be spacious enough for most backyard half courts.
Next up, make sure that you use concrete for your flooring because this is the most affordable flooring you can use. If you want to minimize costs, forget about using sports court surface tiles. But concrete is not the easiest flooring for the knees and joints. Still, we are trying to minimize costs here.
Finally, it might be best to go with a wall-mounted hoop instead of one mounted on a pole. Wall-mounted hoops are cheaper and do not require more work and labor expenses because there is no need to install them on the floor. But you have to make sure that you build the court such that it faces towards the house so that you can mount the hoop on your home’s wall.
Wrapping Things Up: How to Make a Basketball Court Cheap
All that said, building a basketball court is not cheap. Basketball courts may be some of the most affordable courts compared to other sports courts. However, the fact that there are still many construction factors that you need to consider means that you still have to spend a hefty sum for your court. And all you can do is minimize the expenses instead of going for a generally cheap court if you do not want to compromise the quality and experience.
Did you enjoy this post? Then you’ll love the other basketball 101 posts. Check them out below:
> How Many Square Feet is a Basketball Court?
> How Many Yards is a Basketball Court?