While it is not advisable for young players to exclusively play a zone defense of any type in their formative years, it will help them determine how to correctly run and beat it. One of those weird zone defenses is the 3-2 zone. It has its advantages and disadvantages, but what if your team suddenly sees a 3-2 from out of nowhere? Here are some things to keep in mind about how to beat a 3-2 zone in basketball.
What is a 3-2 Zone Defense in Basketball?
The 3-2 zone is a defensive formation in basketball that positions three players in the front and two players in the back near the basket. This is quite an unusual way of playing zone and is often used to contest three-pointers, defending the wings, and taking away the high and low post positions.
There is quite a fascinating history about the 3-2 zone. The 3-2 was the literal predecessor of the 2-3 zone. It was first used back in 1914 by Cam Henderson against Clair Bee’s Grafton YMCA. Apparently, the 3-2 did not offer much rebounding, so Henderson had another top defender to drop back, which became the 2-3 zone.
How Does a 3-2 Zone Defense Work?
Most people think about the 1-2-2 defense when 3-2 is mentioned, but they are different types of zone defense. (We will get to that later on.) In a traditional sense, the 3-2 zone defense has three players on the front positioned across the free-throw line. The two defenders on the wings play hard denials on that area, and the defender in the middle (the rover) denies the high post.
Now, the rover’s role is a highly critical one. Ideally, he should be long and athletic with good defensive instincts. He should keep the basketball out of the high post, anticipate forced lob passes, and help out the two guys for rebounds.
The wings in the 3-2 zone defense always look for opportunities to trap if the ballhandler goes to the corner. However, they should also defend the wing and help out inside if need be. Last but not least, the two guys in the back end of the 3-2 zone are called “posts.” They are often the tallest players on the team and should be able to rebound, defend the interior, and protect the rim. Aside from these typical big men roles, they should also look to protect the corners if needed.
As you can see from the descriptions, no one in the traditional 3-2 zone defense checks the point guard or ballhandler from the top. Common basketball sense will tell you that you should not run this defense against a point guard who is comfortable taking those shots. If you do, then it will be a long night and a short stint for the 3-2 zone.
One of the most essential objectives in this defense is to play hard denial defense on the wings. There should be no simple passes to the wings. The goal is to let the offense play in the elbows and the two posts picking up any backdoor plays that originate either through a drive or a skip pass to the corner.
How Do You Run a 3-2 Zone Defense in Basketball?
The basic concepts of the 3-2 zone defense are already explained above. To summarize, the wings should play hard denial defense and do not let any simple pass to that area. The posts defend the rim and the corners, and the rover patrols the middle, denying the high post and picking off forced lob passes. Remember, because the 3-2 zone defense leaves the opposing point guard at the top of the key, never run this against a point guard that can hit three-pointers consistently.
Here’s where it gets more exciting. Let’s say the offense successfully made a pass to the wing, so what will be the course of action for the defense? If the pass gets through, the wing defender in that area aggressively pressures the basketball. The rover will stand guard, sliding his position if needed to deny the pass to the post. The weak-side wing now drops into the key to prevent any possible passes inside.
The strong-side post (or the post in the side where the ball is) continues to deny if the offense tries for a deep strong-side position. The weak-side post continues to stand guard and slide in the key, looking for errant passes over the strong-side post.
Sometimes, the ball may find its way to the corner. How should the 3-2 defense react? In this case, the strong-side post should step out, pressure the ballhandler in the corner, and pressure him. The rover and the weak-side wing maintain their primary defensive purposes: to deny the high post and fall back in the key, respectively. The weak-side post slides over to the strong-side post’s initial position to defend the low post.
Now, for the strong-side wing, there are two options that he can do. Either he falls into the gap or do the hard deny. To fall into the gap means he is taking away the dribble penetration and maintains the pressure against a low post pass. However, falling into the gap opens up the pass back to the wing.
On the other hand, to do the hard denial is never to let the ball get passed back out to the wing. This means that the strong-side wing forces the ballhandler in the corner to either pass or penetrate, both of which are very difficult to do in this situation.
3-2 Zone vs. 1-2-2 Zone: What’s the Difference?
As previously mentioned, many think that the 3-2 zone defense and the 1-2-2 zone defense are the same. Hate to burst your bubble, but the 3-2 and 1-2-2 are not. So, what’s the main difference?
The difference is that the defender at the top is picking up the ballhandler while the traditional 3-2 zone practically leaves the ballhandler wide open. This means that the wings are not as heavily guarded in 1-2-2. In the 3-2 zone defense, they protect the high post with the rover alone, while the 1-2-2 defends the high post with two defenders.
What is the Best Offense Against a 3-2 Zone Defense?
The best offense against the 3-2 zone is to have your best shooter bring up the ball if he can do it. In this era, it’s not possible for point guards to also be your best shooter, so this simple offense busts the 3-2 zone wide open.
Now, in reality, you can’t just hoist up three from the top-of-the-key in every possession. You have to run plays to keep the rhythm of your offense going. Actually, the same principles apply against most zone defenses can be put into use here.
Remember that the 3-2 zone defense only has the “posts” cover the corners. In that setup, you may target this formation by putting your best shooter on the side of a slower post defender. If your corner shooter hits a couple from there, rotations will, of course, be much faster.
If the post recovers to the corner in time, a quick pass to the low post could result in an easy layup. In this scenario, the rover may be too far out to help. If the weak-side post covers the strong-side post, you can make another pass to a cutting player in the area that the weak-side post vacated.
Ball movement and shooting threats are basically the antidotes against a 3-2 zone defense and against any type of zone defense.
3 Best 3-2 Zone Defense Basketball Drills
1. The 5 on 7 Drill
This drill pits five defenders on seven offensive players. The seven players on offense may be positioned anywhere on the court, but ideally, you’d have five spaced on the outside and two bigs inside. The goal of the five defenders in the 3-2 zone defense is to stop the offense three consecutive times.
2. The Color Drill
This drill is simply a play callout, imploring the 3-2 zone to trap the corner. During the routine, the coach may shout any color that comes to mind as soon as the offense swings the ball to the corner. What happens is the strong-side wing and the strong-side post converges for a double team. The rover picks up the pass back to the wing, the weak side wing goes over to defend the high post, and the weak side post prevents any interior play.
3. The Skip Passes Drill
The purpose of this drill is to teach the weak side wings to recover from skip passes. It was illustrated in a previous section that one rotation in a 3-2 zone defense is to slide the strong-side post to the corner. When he does so, the rover has the option to defend the gap, which means he will prevent a possible dribble penetration or post pass.
From there, the 3-2 zone shifts by having the weak side wing cover the rover’s previous area of responsibility in the middle. The only open pass that the offense can make is the skip pass in the weak side wing. This drill is made precisely for that purpose. As soon as the corner guy skip passes to the opposite wing, the weak side wing recovers and pressures the ballhandler.
Repeat the drill as many times as you’d like, depending on how often you’d like to implement the 3-2 zone defense.
How Do You Play Against a 3-2 Zone?
Playing against a zone defense takes a lot of getting used to, especially against a unique one like the 3-2 zone. However, no matter how many types of zone defense you’ll see, it definitely has a weakness that the offense can exploit. To succeed against a 3-2 zone defense means you have to target and attack the vulnerable areas.
What are the 3-2 zone defense weaknesses? Because the goal of the 3-2 is to take away the wings and high post, the corners are glaring weak spots. That’s one. Another weakness of the 3-2 zone, and any zone defense, is the dribble-drive. Granted, this will only work if you have a great penetrator that can force the defense to sag and then find the open man outside.
Another key to beating a 3-2 basketball zone is that all the players should make themselves available. Emphasize movement and no standing still. If a teammate gets trapped or double-teamed, which often happens against a 3-2 zone, players should find open spots in the key or perimeter. After all, when the defense is playing two against one, one of the offensive guys is available somewhere.
Wrapping Things Up: How to Beat a 3-2 Zone in Basketball
The 3-2 zone defense is one of the most unique defensive formations in basketball. With three players lined up near the free-throw line and two players defending the rim in the back line, this defense aims to protect the wings and high post vigorously. It is also used to trap the ballhandler on the wings with a quick double team.
The 3-2 zone can be converted into a 1-2-2 if the defense decides to pick up the opposing point guard bringing up the ball. However, the two defenses are different because a traditional 3-2 zone has the rover (the middle defender) patrolling the free-throw line area to defend the high post.
Simple basketball plays against a 2-3 zone may also work against the 3-2 zone. For example, the offense needs to attack the gaps on a 2-3 or 3-2 zone. Penetrating the cracks (or gaps) would cause the defense to collapse, leading to kick-outs and open midrange or three-point shots.
Another vulnerable area that the offense can exploit against the 3-2 zone is the corners. Starting the attack from the corners forces the zone to shift, allowing the offense several options, whether that’s a skip pass to an open three-pointer or a give-and-go play. Regardless, ball movement, player movement, and quick thinking are essential on how to beat a 3-2 zone in basketball.
Did you find this post helpful? Then you may also like other FAQ basketball articles here.
> How to Beat a 2-3 Zone in Basketball