From centers like Dwight Howard and Alonzo Mourning to point guards like Stephen Curry and Nate Robinson, basketball players tend to have broad shoulders. And for a sport that primarily demands lower body strength and conditioning, a lot of players have well-developed shoulder muscles, too. So, why do basketball players have huge shoulders?
Reasons Why Basketball Players Have Huge Shoulders
Two main factors affect a player’s shoulder size – genetics and nutrition. These two factors work together to provide the potential for growth in all muscle groups all over the body, which includes the rotator cuffs, deltoids, and the other muscles that typically compose the shoulder muscles.
Body Types and Genetics
Genetics is a fundamental element that influences body morphology, including shoulder breadth. For instance, inheriting specific genes can predispose a person to have longer clavicles (collarbones), which are a component of broader shoulders. In addition to bone structure, genetics also influences muscle growth potential, which can affect the overall size and shape of the shoulders.
Body type, often classified into three broad categories: ectomorph, mesomorph, and endomorph, can also determine the width of an athlete’s shoulders. Mesomorphs, for example, naturally have a more muscular build, with broad shoulders and a narrow waist. This body type is particularly beneficial for many sports, including basketball, where broad shoulders offer a competitive advantage.
However, it’s noteworthy that genetics and body type provide the potential. A well-designed training regime can tap into this potential, developing broader, more muscular shoulders.
Nutrition and Diet
While plenty of weight training exercises target the shoulder muscles, you won’t develop muscle mass in that area if you aren’t eating right. That’s because your diet and fitness program should be a complete package supporting your goals, not just one aspect.
Protein consumption (around 1.6 to 2g per kg of body weight a day for athletes) helps promote muscle hypertrophy, increasing muscle fibers’ size. In the context of developing broad shoulders, this muscle growth can occur in the rotator cuff muscles (the major muscle group of the shoulders), which can enhance shoulder width.
Carbohydrates and fats also play essential roles. Carbohydrates are the body’s primary source of energy. Consumption of carbohydrates before and after exercise ensures the body has the energy to perform and recover. It prevents the body from using muscle proteins for energy, thus protecting against muscle breakdown.
Are There Specific Exercises to Make Shoulders Broader?
Of course, to develop broad shoulders, you have to work for it in the weight room. So, how do basketball players get big shoulders?
The important step in this direction is to get on a training program. An appropriate strength training program will include exercises that build up the shoulder muscles, which include the following:
- Barbell military press: This exercise targets the deltoid muscles in the shoulders, making them broader and more muscular.
- Dumbbell shoulder press: This is another brilliant exercise to target shoulder muscles.
- Upright row: This is a great exercise that targets several upper body muscles, including the deltoids, trapezius, and biceps; it can positively contribute to shoulder width.
- Side Lateral Raise: This is an effective exercise to build your shoulder muscles. It’s done by holding dumbbells in your hands and lifting them laterally.
- Seated Lateral Raise: Similar to the side lateral raise, this exercise uses dumbbells to work the deltoids. Using a bench can provide back support and help engage the shoulders effectively.
However, consistency is crucial – performing these exercises should become a routine, doing them at least three times a week for better results.
What are the Advantages of Having Broad Shoulders?
Typically, people with broad shoulders have great upper body strength, which positively affects their overall well-being. For instance, it significantly improves posture, reducing risks associated with chronic back pain and musculoskeletal disorders.
Increased upper body strength, especially of the rotator cuff muscles and the rest of the shoulders, is also linked to improved injury resistance. According to studies, muscle mass absorbs impact that could otherwise cause long-lasting damage to bone and other tissues.
Strength training, including upper body workouts, can also have tremendous impact of weight management programs, as it can increase your metabolism to help burn more calories. This means you’ll be burning more calories not just during every exercise, but during idle times as well. There is also evidence that increased muscle mass eases the pressure on the arteries, which helps improve overall cardiovascular health.
5 NBA Players Who Are Known to Have Broad Shoulders
There’s no shortage of broad-shouldered players in the NBA, from big, burly centers to smaller and leaner point guards. Here are some of them that can probably crack the big-shoulder Hall of Fame:
1. LeBron James
Known for his athleticism, scoring, and longevity, LeBron’s broad shoulders probably has a huge impact on his outstanding career. The King has finishing in traffic and barreling through defenses for almost two decades now and it looks like he’s still reaping the benefits of his strong shoulders.
2. Dwight Howard
Widely regarded as having one of the most well-defined shoulders to ever grace the league, Dwight’s commitment to his upper body strength is part of the reason behind his shot blocking and rebounding prowess. It’s even helped him bag the Defensive Player of the Year Award for three consecutive seasons from 2009 to 2011.
3. Karl Malone
Another basketball legend with noticeably broad shoulders, Malone’s shoulder size benefited his performance on the court. He’s also widely considered one of the strongest players to play the game, as his chest and biceps were also quite huge.
4. Giannis Antetokounmpo
The Greek Freak is so strong that even Shaquille O’Neal acknowledges that he’s the better player. And from a player that’s in the conversation for the greatest center category, this is a testament to Antetokounmpo’s broad shoulders.
5. Nate Robinson
The former NBA player was known for his small 5-foot-6-inch stature but also had some of the widest shoulders in the league. This gave him the strength and the durability to play some physical basketball against players typically a full foot taller than he is.
Does Having Broad Shoulders Help in Basketball?
Broad shoulders are often associated with players who like to play in the paint. However, many other aspects of the game can benefit from strong deltoids and rotator cuffs that do not involve banging bodies down the block.
Ball handling and protection
Upper body strength is essential for precision ball handling, especially when under pressure. This added strength contributes to the ability to control not just the power, but also rhythm of your dribble, quickness of your passes, and range of your shots. Plus, having broad shoulders should also help significantly in shielding the ball from defenders, especially when dribbling down court.
Finishing through contact
When driving towards the basket, this strength and stability can prove to be a game-changer. It provides an edge when it comes to absorbing contact from defenders while maintaining control of the ball, leading to better finishes at the rim.
Increasing shooting range and shot consistency
Have you ever noticed that Steph Curry’s deltoids seem to be growing more and more prominent every year? This is because shoulder and overall upper body strength can be directly corelated to shooting range and consistency, both key components of a good shooter.
While shooting mechanics involve many body parts, shoulder strength can provide additional power to your shots, making it possible to shoot from longer distances with greater accuracy. This is because the rotator cuff and deltoids are heavily involved in controlling the ball’s arc.
Another aspect to consider is the role of shoulder strength in maintaining shooting consistency. When players fatigue during the game, their shooting form can change. Players with good shoulder strength can maintain an effective shooting form longer, thus improving their shooting consistency throughout the game.
Wrapping Things Up: Why Do Basketball Players Have Huge Shoulders?
In basketball, physical strength is as significant as finesse and strategy. The broader shoulders seen in NBA players aren’t just for a tank-top physique – they are an essential part of their toolkit. Broad shoulders often suggest increased upper body strength and stability, both of which can dramatically improve a player’s overall performance.
Think LeBron James. Those broad shoulders of his aren’t just for show. They provide him with a strength advantage, allowing him to drive through stubborn defenses and finish at the rim with incredible power. He uses his shoulders to shield the ball, throw precise passes, and take long-range shots, in addition to preventing potential injuries.
So, is it all about pure muscle? Not entirely. Broad shoulders also enhance a player’s balance and stability, essential for maintaining control under pressure, which is critical in high-stakes games. This combination of strength and stability contributes to a player’s efficiency in both offense and defense.
We hope you enjoyed this post! If you did, be sure to check out our other basketball FAQ articles here.